Also known as Kagoshima domain. Edo-period (1600-1868) domain that extended over Satsuma and Ōsumi provinces and part of Hyūga Province; all of present-day Kagoshima Prefecture and part of Miyazaki Prefecture. The domain was granted in 1602 to Shimazu Iehisa (1578-1638), who, having sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu following the Battle of Sekigahara, received the status of Tozama (outside vassal). Profitable trade with the Ryūkyū Islands and successful economic policies made Satsuma a wealthy and influential domain. It played an important role in the Meiji Restoration of 1868, producing such leaders as Saigō Takamori and Ōkubo Toshimichi. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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