City in southeastern Kanagawa Prefecture, central Honshū, 28 miles southwest of Tokyo. Kamakura is an exclusive residential area for commuters to Tokyo. Its historical importance dates to the 12th century, when Minamoto no Yoritomo chose it as the seat of the Kamakura shogunate, Japan's first military government. It remained the political center of the country until the shogunate was destroyed in 1333. Today, it is a popular tourist destination because of its many historical sites, including the Great Buddha at Kōtokuin.. (adapted from Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993)
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